The active constituent of birth control pills is estrogen and progesterone in a single formulation or can be in a blend preparation. Different brands of birth control pills are Dronis, Yasmin, Yaz, Mircette, Dianette, Ovral L, Ovral G, Norethindrone, Norethisterone, Femilon, and Plan B.
Working of birth control pills involves mainly three mechanisms-Inhibition of ovulation process, thickening of cervical mucus to inhibit the entry of male sperm into the female's body, alteration in uterine lining to prevent the implantation of a fertilized egg. Birth control pills prevent pregnancy by following procedures. Thus, birth control pills are also considered as oral contraceptive pills because they are orally administered.
Dosing of birth control pills depends on the package because they come in 21-pill pack and 28-pill pack. The most suitable brand for you depends on your medical conditions and other requirements. When you are prescribed for the 21-pill pack, then you have to take all the 21 pills as one pill daily for 21 days. Then you have to give a break for 7 days as pill-free days. Later to these seven pill-free days, you can start a new pack of the same birth control pill. When considering 28-pill packet, you need to take 21 hormonal pills first for 21 days and then seven non-hormonal pills for next 7 days. Later to this, you can start a new pack of the same brand from the 29th day.
You are advised to take each pill at the same time of the day on a daily basis without any missed dose to prevent the chances of pregnancy. If due to any chance you missed one pill, then you have to take two pills in a single administration in your next dosing time. If you forget two times dosing, then you have to ingest two pills in a single administration in your next two dosing times. Never take more than the prescribed dose of birth control pill or your health has to suffer from severe consequences.
A female on birth control pills may encounter with some undesirable responses of breast tenderness, drowsiness, mood swings, headache, and change in menstrual periods, nausea, stomach pain, or visual disturbance. Birth control pills are only meant for females above the age of 18 years. Oral contraceptive pills are only to prevent the chances of pregnancy and not to protect you from any kind of STD's.
While taking Birth control pills, a woman has to consider important precautions like-
- The woman above the age of 35 years and a smoker should need to avoid the intake of birth control pills.
- Inhibit the use of tobacco and smoking while taking birth control pills.
- Consider your medical health conditions related diabetes, blood pressure, abnormal vaginal bleeding, or disorder.
- Breastfeeding mothers should not take birth control pills unless prescribed because of the risk to pass into the breast milk.