What is Spasticity and how common is that to have muscle strains or sprains?
It is a common clinical problem in patients with a variety of central nervous system disorders. A study showed that up to 91% of physicians report using muscle relaxants and that upto35% of patients visiting primary care with the complaints of back pain. Spasticity is an uncontrolled, involuntary, excessive contraction of one or more skeletal muscles. It may be a result of any disease or injury. It is a very painful condition for a patient to deal with. The severity of spasticity ranges according to the injury. Sometimes it may be a localized area injury such as sprains and strains that you got at time of exercise or playing. On the other hand it may be a bothering condition of chronic low back pain (lumbago), or rheumatoid arthritis. In few cases it can be an outcome of severe unbearable neurological diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinsons disease, cerebral palsy, and the like.
What is the significance of muscle relaxant or anti-spasticity drugs?
Varieties of oral and parenateral medications are available for the treatment of spasticity. These include tizanidine, baclofen (oral and intrathecal), diazepam, dantrolene and botulinum toxin. All these medications have different mechanism of action, efficacy and side effects which may change according to the patients overall health and response.